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Chemistry 306 - Introduction to Chemistry Part 2

Course Topics

The topics for this course are typically allocated as follows (approximate number of lecture and lab hours spent on each topic are shown in the left columns):

 

Lec
Lab
Topic
6
0
Introduction: Review of chemical bonding, structure, shapes, polarity, and intermolecular forces. Alkanes: structure, nomenclature, physical properties, and reactions.
0
4
Introduction: Review of chemical bonding, structure, and shapes, structure, conformers, isomers, and nomenclature of alkanes and cycloalkanes.
4
0
Alkenes, alkynes, and aromatic hydrocarbons: structure, nomenclature, physical properties, and reactions.
0
4
Alkenes: structure, isomers, nomenclature.
4
0
Alcohols, ethers, phenols, and thiols: structure, nomenclature, physical properties, and reactions.
0
2
Alcohols: physical properties, and reactions.
4
0
Aldehydes and ketones: structure, nomenclature, physical properties, and reactions.
4
0
Carboxylic acids and derivatives (esters, amides, and related compounds): structure, nomenclature, physical properties, and reactions. Inorganic esters: structure, physical properties, and reactions.
0
9
Stereoisomers, Chirality, enantiomers, Diastereomers, meso-compounds, and optical activity.
0
4
Carbohydrate reactions and physical properties
4
0
Aliphatic and aromatic amines: structure, nomenclature, physical properties, and reactions. Heterocycles structure and nomenclature. Alkaloids applications and uses.
0
4.5
Isolation or purification of alkaloid.
6
0
Carbohydrates: structure, nomenclature, classes, chirality, stereochemistry, reactions.
0
4.5
Saponification of lipids and properties of salts of fatty acids.
4
0
Lipids: structure, nomenclature, classes, biological applications, reactions.
0
3
Physical properties of amino acids and/or proteins.
4
0
Amino acids: nomenclature, chirality, acid/base properties, buffers, pH, isoelectric points, and electrophoresis. Protein structure, denaturation, hydrolysis, and biological importance.
0
6
Carboxylic acids and derivatives (esters, anhydrides, or related compounds): structure, nomenclature, physical properties, and reactions. Inorganic esters: structure, physical properties, and reactions.
4
0
Enzymes, vitamins, hormones, and neurotransmitters: biological importance and uses.
6
0
Introduction to biochemical energetics and metabolism. Catabolism, anabolism, common metabolic pathways (citric acid cycle, electron transport chain, oxidative phosphorylation), biological reducing agents, adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
6
0
Carbohydrate metabolism hydrolysis of polysaccharides, digestion, glycolysis, gluconeogenesis, glycogenesis, glycogenolysis, pentose phosphate pathway, calculation of energy obtained from various pathways.
4
0
Lipid metabolism lipoproteins and lipid transport, glycerol metabolism, storage and mobilization of triacylglycerols, fatty acid oxidation, ketone bodies, biosynthesis of fatty acids.
4
0
Protein and amino acid metabolism digestion, transamination and oxidative deamination, Urea cycle, ketogenic and glucogenic amino acids, biosynthesis of non-essential amino acids.
4
0
Nucleic acids and protein synthesis DNA, RNA, base pairing, replication, transcription, translation.
2
0
Nutrition and body fluids (blood and urine).
0
4
Blood buffers.
0
9
Arterial blood gases, metabolic and respiratory, acidosis and alkalosis.
2
0
Final exam

 

Learning Outcomes and Objectives

Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to: